Soekarno and His Sacrifice for Independence of Indonesia
Indonesia 's independence can not be distinguished from the war of the Republic of Indonesia's First President, Soekarno. Exile from Soekarno did not cause him to give up. He's continued fighting for an independent Indonesia instead. Indonesia 's independence had been triggered in 1942 by the Dutch surrender to Japan. At that time, to gain Indonesian sympathy Japan freed rebel and hero figures such as Hatta and Bung Karno.
Previously, Soekarno had already been imprisoned and expelled because he was considered a terrorist. He was once exiled in the city of Ende and Bengkulu. The Netherlands surrender made Soekarno see possibilities for Indonesian independence. He met Mohammad Hatta and Sutan Sjahrir when Sukarno was carried to Batavia. During the debate, Soekarno indicated Indonesia should follow Japan 's wishes for a while so that without bloodshed, Indonesia could become independent. But Sjahrir dismissed the offer.
Soekarno finally discussed with Maj Gen Harada to free Indonesia from the status of a Japanese colony and acknowledged its independence. Indonesia in return will be supporting Japan in the Pacific War. Finally, Japan agreed and appointed four groups, namely Soekarno, Hatta, KH Mas Mansyur, and Ki Hajar Dewantara, to take the decision.
Soekarno ended up becoming a Japanese confidant to fight for Indonesia. He worked to support Japanese propaganda as chief of the People's Power Base. All this cooperation was achieved to attain Indonesian independence.
Unfortunately, The phase of cooperation with Japan has always led to many casualties. Many Indonesians died of hunger because Japan arbitrarily took food items. Not only this but also the death rate has risen since Romusha 's existence.
Soekarno was very sorry to see the many casualties that fell, especially in Java. However, the only way to achieve Indonesian independence without going to war was to cooperate with Japan.
Japan experienced a losing streak in the Pacific War in 1945, during which atomic bombs devastated Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The defeat brought the Japanese soldiers back to their country and left Indonesia without a leader.
Japan 's failure made members of the youth press for Soekarno-Hatta to declare Indonesia 's independence immediately. On 16 August 1945, they also kidnapped Soekarno-Hatta to Rengasdengklok to push for the proclamation of Indonesia.
Finally, on 17 August 1945 Soekarno declared Indonesia 's independence. Soekarno was reading the proclamation text due to malaria with a fever. Indonesia has been formally independent since that historic incident, and Soekarno has formally become the first President of the Republic of Indonesia. We as the nation's children must be able to defend Indonesia's independence and make Indonesia proud